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The Lord used Jonathan to save the life of David— who was to be king and the ancestor of Jesus. Saul would not stop God from bringing His Son into the world.

BibleGateway: 1 Samuel 20:30-42

ESV Text: 1 Samuel 20:30-42

1 Samuel 20:30–42 (Listen)

30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? 31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom shall be established. Therefore send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” 32 Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?” 33 But Saul hurled his spear at him to strike him. So Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death. 34 And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.

35 In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the appointment with David, and with him a little boy. 36 And he said to his boy, “Run and find the arrows that I shoot.” As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the boy came to the place of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the boy and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you?” 38 And Jonathan called after the boy, “Hurry! Be quick! Do not stay!” So Jonathan’s boy gathered up the arrows and came to his master. 39 But the boy knew nothing. Only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy and said to him, “Go and carry them to the city.” 41 And as soon as the boy had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap1 and fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed one another and wept with one another, David weeping the most. 42 Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, because we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘The LORD shall be between me and you, and between my offspring and your offspring, forever.’” And he rose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.2

Footnotes

[1] 20:41 Septuagint; Hebrew from beside the south

[2] 20:42 This sentence is 21:1 in Hebrew

(ESV)


KJV Text:

The section starts at about 5:9 and ends at about 7:26

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30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness? 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die. 32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done? 33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David. 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

     35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee? 38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city. 41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.(KJV)


Hymn: TLH 59 :
Hail to the Lord’s Annointed

Hymnary.org — Organ Audio

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1. Hail to the Lord’s Anointed, 
Great David’s greater Son! 
Hail, in the time appointed, 
His reign on earth begun! 
He comes to break oppression, 
To set the captive free, 
To take away transgression, 
And rule in equity. 

2. He comes with succor speedy 
To those who suffer wrong; 
To help the poor and needy 
And bid the weak be strong; 
To give them songs for sighing, 
Their darkness turn to light, 
Whose souls, condemned and dying, 
Were precious in His sight. 

3. He shall come down like showers 
Upon the fruitful earth, 
And joy and hope, like flowers, 
Spring in His path to birth. 
Before Him on the mountains 
Shall peace, the herald, go 
And righteousness, in fountains, 
From hill to valley flow. 

4. Arabia’s desert ranger 
To Him shall bow the knee, 
The Ethiopian stranger 
His glory come to see; 
With offerings of devotion 
Ships from the isles shall meet 
To pour the wealth of ocean 
In tribute at His feet. 

5. Kings shall bow down before Him 
And gold and incense bring; 
All nations shall adore Him, 
His praise all peoples sing; 
To Him shall prayer unceasing 
And daily vows ascend, 
His kingdom still increasing, 
A kingdom without end. 

6. O’er every foe victorious, 
He on His throne shall rest, 
From age to age more glorious, 
All blessing and all-blest. 
The tide of time shall never 
His covenant remove; 
His name shall stand forever, – 
That name to us is Love. 


Hymn: LSB 398 :
Hail to the Lord’s Anointed

Hymnary.org

1. Hail to the Lord’s anointed, 
Great David’s greater Son! 
Hail, in the time appointed, 
His reign on earth begun! 
He comes to break oppression, 
To set the captive free, 
To take away transgression 
And rule in equity. 

2. He comes with rescue speedy 
To those who suffer wrong, 
To help the poor and needy 
And bid the weak be strong; 
To give them songs for sighing, 
Their darkness turn to light, 
Whose souls, condemned and dying, 
Were precious in His sight. 

3. He shall come down like showers 
Upon the fruitful earth; 
Love, joy, and hope, the flowers, 
Spring in His path to birth. 
Before Him on the mountains 
Shall peace, the herald, go; 
And righteousness in fountains 
From hill to valley flow. 

4. Kings shall fall down before Him 
And gold and incense bring; 
All nations shall adore Him, 
His praise all people sing. 
To Him shall prayer unceasing 
And daily vows ascend; 
His kingdom still increasing, 
A kingdom without end. 

5. O’er ev’ry foe victorious, 
He on His throne shall rest, 
From age to age more glorious, 
All blessing and all-blest. 
The tide of time shall never 
His covenant remove; 
His name shall stand forever– 
That name to us is Love.